Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954(Act 134) ( As At 15th December 2005)
Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954(Act 134)
Detailed contents of Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954(Act 134) :
The Malaysian government passed the Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 (Act 134) to ensure the welfare, protection, and advancement of the Orang Asli, or indigenous people, in the nation. Below is a thorough synopsis of the Act:
PART I - PRELIMINARY
The meanings of the essential phrases used in the Act's first section are provided. For instance, "aboriginal people" is defined as anyone who is a member of one of Malaysia's indigenous tribes or races.
PART II - THE ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS COUNCIL
By this section of the Act, the Aboriginal Affairs Council is created to provide advice to the Minister in charge of Aboriginal Affairs on issues pertaining to the Aboriginal Peoples. The Minister has appointed a number of people to the Council, including representatives of the indigenous peoples.
PART III - WELFARE, PROTECTION AND ADVANCEMENT OF ABORIGINAL PEOPLES
The obligations of the government towards the indigenous peoples are outlined in this section of the Act, including providing them with appropriate housing, healthcare, and education. The government is also in charge of safeguarding the traditional lands and cultural legacy of the indigenous population.
PART IV - ABORIGINAL LANDS
The Minister in charge of aboriginal affairs has the authority to reserve land for the use of native peoples under this section of the Act. As well as protecting Native American cemeteries and other cultural sites, the Act also calls for the survey and designation of such areas.
PART V - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
The Act's concluding section covers a number of other provisions, such as the Minister's authority to issue rules, restrictions on what can be done on Aboriginal lands without permission, and sanctions for breaking the law.
In conclusion, the purpose of the Aboriginal Peoples Act 1954 (Act 134) is to safeguard and improve the welfare of Malaysia's indigenous population. It also provides for the protection of indigenous lands and cultural assets and lays out many other requirements to ensure the Act is upheld. It also creates the Aboriginal Affairs Council to advise the government on matters pertaining to indigenous people.